(b 1913 – d 2002),
Hussein Bikar is one of the most famous Egyptian portrait painters. His talent and artistic excellence is recognized worldwide. His career spanned a number of disciplines, notably caricature, teaching and journalism.
He graduated from Fine Arts College in 1933, and subsequently from the Ahlia for Painting. He taught at, and eventually headed, the Painting Department of the Faculty of Arts at Qena at 1955. He was a founder of the Helwan Wax Museum.
In 1944, Bikar began his career in journalism when he became, with Ahmad Sabri, Mustapha Amin and Ali Amin, one of the founding fathers of the prestigious Akhbar el-Youm newspaper, doing drawings often accompanied by his own vernacular poems. His painting The Eighth Wonder, depicting the transportation of the temple of Ramses II to Abu Simbel is widely regarded as a classic of modern Egyptian painting.
Bikar was honored with several awards including, the Golden Medal of Honor from the Industrial and Agriculture Exhibition in 1949, the Medal of Arts and Science in 1967, Gamal Abdel Nasser Prize in 1975, the State of Merit Award in 1978, the Merit Medal in 1980, and shortly before his death in 2000, Mubarak Award.